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Sustainable Development of the World’s Large Marine Ecosystems During

Climate Change

A commemorative volume to advance sustainable development on the occasion of the presentation of the 2010 Göteborg Award



Preface by the Chair of the Göteborg Award Selection Jury iii

Prof. John Holmberg


Message from UNDP Director of Environment & Energy Group v

Veerle Vandeweerd


Foreword vii


Acknowledgments ix


Chapter 1 Our Common Future in Sustainable Development and Climate Change 1

Gro Harlem Brundtland


Chapter 2 What Goes Up Must Come Down 8

Al Gore


Chapter 3 The Interconnected Biosphere: Science at the Ocean’s Tipping Points 18

Jane Lubchenco and Laura E. Petes


Chapter 4 GEF Support for the Global Movement toward the Improved Assessment and Management of Large Marine Ecosystems 40

Alfred M. Duda



Chapter 5 Accelerated Warming and Emergent Trends in Fisheries Biomass Yields of the World’s Large Marine Ecosystems 52

Kenneth Sherman, Igor Belkin, K.D. Friedland, John O’Reilly and Kimberly Hyde


Chapter 6 Database-driven models of the World’s Large Marine Ecosystems 74

Villy Christensen, Carl J. Walters, Robert Ahrens, Jacqueline Alder, Joe Buszowski, Line Bang Christensen, William W.L. Cheung, John Dunne, Rainer Froese, Vasiliki Karpouzi, Kristin Kaschner, Kelly Kearney, Sherman Lai, Vicki Lam, Maria L.D. Palomares, Aja Peters-Mason, Chiara Piroddi, Jorge L. Sarmiento, Jeroen Steenbeek, Rashid Sumaila, Reg Watson, Dirk Zeller, and Daniel Pauly


Chapter 7 Land-based Nutrient Loading to LMEs: A Global Watershed Perspective on Magnitudes and Sources 104

Sybil Seitzinger and Rosalynn Lee


Chapter 8 The Recovery and Sustainability of the Baltic Sea Large Marine Ecosystem 125

Jan Thulin


Chapter 9 Ocean Governance in the Benguela Large Marine Ecosystem—Establishing the Benguela Current Commission 139

Michael O’Toole



Chapter 10 Reducing Environmental Stress in the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem: A Strategic Action Programme 151


Chapter 11 Managing Large Marine Ecosystems for Climate Change Mitigation 203

Jerker Tamelander, Dorothée Herr  and Dan Laffoley


Chapter 12 Marine Spatial Planning as a Framework for Sustainably Managing Large Marine Ecosystems 222

Barry Gold


Commemorative Commentary: Sustaining Shark Populations 230