Stress, Sustainability, and Development of Large Marine Ecosystems During Climate Change: Policy and Implementation
It is within the boundaries of the world’s Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) where 80% of the world’s marine fish catch is produced. The LME coastal waters are overfished, polluted, subject to nutrient over-enrichment and acidification, loss of biodiversity, habitat, and accelerated warming from climate change. These stressors are impacting the sustainable development of trillions of dollars in goods and services contributed annually by LMEs to the global economy.
Leaders directing the world’s top financial, scientific, and technical institu-tions engaged in sustainable development of the oceans, came together for a Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) Conference at the John F. Kennedy Library on 16 February 2013, and linked LME Symposium at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science on 17 February 2013, in Boston. Presentations from these events, outlined below, have been compiled into a single volume that provides a pathway of partnerships supporting the re-covery and sustainable development of the world’s LMEs.
Together, the chapters represent a substantial commitment of scientific partnerships and financial support by the Global Environment Facility (GEF); In-ternational Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES); United Nations Devel-opment Programme (UNDP); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC-UNESCO); and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), towards the recovery and sustainable development of the world’s LMEs.